On 25 November 2015, the European Parliament and the Council adopted the Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council on novel foods, which came into full effect on the 1st of January 2018 (Regulation (EU) 2015/2283). The Regulation requires that all applications for the authorisation of novel foods shall be submitted to the Commission who may then request a risk assessment from the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA). In assessing the safety of novel foods, EFSA shall, where appropriate, consider the following:
- Whether the novel food concerned is as safe as food from a comparable food category already existing on the market within the Union;
- Whether the composition of the novel food and the conditions of its use do not pose a safety risk to human health in the Union;
- A novel food, which is intended to replace another food, does not differ from that food in such a way that its normal consumption would be nutritionally disadvantageous for the consumer.